How do we know when the European R1a and Indian R1a split? The male y-chromosome follows the father-line. From father to son through all generations. When two sons depart in different directions, they will experience different traumatic events like changes in the climate, wars, torture, extreme hardships, and pandemics. Such gross experiences can and will alter a family-line’s DNA. The new born son will adapt his fathers change. Such changes or mutations have taken place with a regularity of ca. 150 years. Indians, like the Banjara’s share a mutation that their ancient European family-line lack. It is called the Indo-Persian mutation and named Z93. Before this mutation took place all Indo-Europeans shared all mutations. From Z93 onward, their mutations are different. We can roll back our DNA-chain to the time and place of the split, simply by adding mutations with the time between each mutation. DNA-science can still not tell exactly where this change of direction took place. Because people can move a lot within 150 years. The Gor Banjaras have moved a lot. As they traveled in huge caravan’s between India and Europe, through the desert and mountains of ancient Persia. Take a special look at the dark area in Northern Karnataka where the Gor Banjaras are located.